Capparis spinosa Linn.
Family : Capparaceae
Caper (Capparis spinosa) is
a small, prostrate shrub found on rocky and hilly localities in
the Deccan peninsula, Rajputana and north-western India.
The flower buds and fruits are the
useful parts. The buds are pickled in Europe. They have an acrid,
burning taste. It contains a glycoside, rutin, which on acid hydrolysis
gives rhamnose, dextrose and quercetin.
Aroma and Flavour
Flower buds also contain pentosans,
rutic acid, pectic acid and saponin. The root bark contains rutic
acid and a volatile substance of garlic odour.
Medicinal and other use
The bark is bitter, aperient, diuretic,
expectorant, emmenagogue and tonic. It is used to treat rheumatism,
paralysis, tooth ache etc. The bruised leaves are used as a poultice